Best Travel

Best Tips For Traveling

Tag Archive : Culture and history

Tourism in Cyprus

Tourism in Cyprus

Tourist places in Cyprus



General information about Cyprus

It is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean basin in southeastern Europe and northwest Asia.

Cyprus is called by this name due to its ancient fame for the mineral copper (in English: Copper), which was used in abundance from its lands, and the English word Cyprus is derived from the Greek name for the island Kypros, which means in Latin Cuprum meaning copper.
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia (both in terms of area and population).

Culture and history
The Cypriot culture is influenced by the country’s demographics. While the Greek Cypriots culturally belong to Greece and to the former colonial Britain, we find that the northern part belongs to Turkey. Cyprus is famous for its folk music.
Greek is spoken mainly in the south, while Turkish is spoken in the north. This linguistic division dates back only to the period after the emergence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in the north and the displacement of the Greeks from north to south, before that the Greek language was the most widespread language. The English language is widely used, due to the period of the English colonization of this island.




Tourist places in Cyprus
Paphos is the cultural capital of Cyprus, due to its rich cultural heritage and dated architectural landscapes. The main attractions include the Tombs of the Kings, Adonis Baths and Waterfalls, Ayios Neophytos Monastery, and Paphos Archaeological Park Kato.

Larnaca is one of the oldest towns on the island, and the ribboned roads can be explored on foot as one of the best options. The Larnaca Promenade seashore extends to provide a picturesque excursion in the evening; The coast also houses the wrecks of Zenobia, which was ranked in the top ten in the Times’ 2003 dive sites.



Coral Bay
It is a popular tourist resort in the municipality of Pia, 6 km north of Paphos. It extends over the northern coast and includes rocky lands and sea caves, and Coral Bay itself is a crescent of soft white sand 600 meters long, surrounded by a head of limestone.



Kykkos Monastery
Located 20 km west of Pedolas, it is one of the richest, most beautiful and most famous monasteries in Cyprus. The Monastery of the Assumption in Quixos was founded around the end of the eleventh century by the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus.



MS Zenobia
MS Zenobia was a Swiss-built Challenger ship built in 1979 that capsized and sank in the Mediterranean, near Larnaca, Cyprus, in June 1980 on its maiden voyage. Today, it is considered one of the most famous diving areas in the world.



Information about tourism in Georgia

Information about tourism in Georgia



Tourism in Georgia is characterized by an amazing nature due to its resources that motivate travelers to go to it, we offer you in this topic a comprehensive guide about the most famous cities and tourist places in this charming country.

A sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is located at the meeting point of Eastern Europe with West Asia, as it is bordered on the west by the Black Sea, on the north by Russia, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. Georgia covers an area of ​​69,700 sq km.




Tourism in Georgia
Georgia is located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, that is, Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Russia forms its northern border, as it stretches with the summit of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, which is generally known as the boundary between Europe and Asia. In Philip Johann von Stralinberg’s definition of Europe in 1730, used by the Russian tsars and who was the first to define the Ural Mountains as the eastern border of the continent, the continental boundaries were drawn from the Kuma-Manish depression to the Caspian Sea, setting Georgia (and the entire Caucasus) Within Asia.

Culture and history
The climate varies greatly in Georgia due to the country’s small size. This country has two major climate zones that characterize the eastern and western parts of the country. The Greater Caucasus Mountains play an important role in modifying the climate in Georgia, as they form a dam in the face of cold air masses coming from the north. The Lesser Caucasus Mountains partially protect the area from the influence of dry and hot air masses coming from the south.




Georgian culture developed over thousands of years, finding its foundations in the Iberian and Kolkhian civilizations, passing through the united Kingdom of Georgia under the rule of the Bagration dynasty. Georgian culture lived a golden age and a renaissance in classical literature, arts, philosophy, architecture and science in the eleventh century.

Tourism in Georgia
The Georgian language and classic literature of the poet Shota Rustaveli was revived in the 19th century after a long period of turmoil, laying the foundations for the romances and novelists of the modern era such as Gregol Orbliani, Nicolaus Baratashvili, and many others.



Georgia is known for its rich folklore, unique traditional music, theater and cinema, and art. Georgians are famous for their love of music, dance, theater and cinema. During the twentieth century, many prominent Georgian painters appeared, such as Niko Pirosmani, Lado Godashvili, Eileen Khvlidiani; Ballet choreographers such as Georges Blanchein, Vakhtang Shapukiani, and Nino Ananiashvili; Among the poets Galaktion Tabidze, Lado Asatiani and Makhran Makavariani; Film and theater directors such as Robert Storua, Tengiz Abuladze, Giorgi Danelia and Awtar Ioseliani.





Tourist areas in Georgia
Lake Ritsa
Lake Ritsa is one of the most prominent tourist places in Georgia for tourist attractions. It is located in the city of Abkhazia in the north. Lake Ritsa is surrounded by mountains and water saturated with green and blue colors in which trout is found. To 117 meters, the summer is the best time to visit the lake, as the weather is cool there and it is a beautiful place for picnicking, fishing and tours of its boats available for tourism.

Tourism in Georgia
Narikala Fortress
Narikala Fortress or Fortress is one of the most important and prominent tourist attractions in Georgia that many tourists visit, and it is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Georgian Republic and the second region with the highest tourist attraction at the regional level in the republic. Narikala Castle is located on a hill overlooking the city and the Mutakfari River, This castle was built in the fourth century AD with the aim of protecting the city from any enemy attack, despite a devastating earthquake in 1827 that was able to demolish part of this castle, but the walls and walls that surround it are still standing to this day.




Tourism in Georgia
The famous Boulevard Park in Batumi Boulevard
Batumi is one of the most beautiful cities in Georgia at all, which must be among the most important tourist places in Georgia. It is a coastal city overlooking the Black Sea, famous for its pleasant climate, as well as containing contemporary architecture in its buildings and a number of charming beaches. As for the Boulevard Park, it is The most important gardens of Batumi extend along the seashore, surrounded on its sides by gardens and palm trees in a wonderful view, this park is considered one of the places that stand out in the summer nights for the city’s residents, and it is a public place where people enjoy hiking, jogging, cycling, watching the beautiful landscapes, and taking pictures A souvenir that reminds you of the most beautiful times.

Tourism in Georgia
Mount Kazbek
Mount Kazbek, meaning the snow mountain, is part of the beautiful mountainous nature that God gave to Georgia, located in the far north of the country on the border between the Georgian Republic and Russia at the Caucasus Mountains, the mountain is widely popular with tourists and climbers because it is the highest peak in the region that allows seeing the most beautiful views of nature. The witch from above.

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
One of the important architectural buildings in the Georgian Republic, it was built in the fourth century in the city of Meskheta, which is a historical city located near Tbilisi, the capital, until its current construction was rebuilt in the 11th century, and its internal walls contained remnants of symbols and frescoes, as well as decorated stone, The cathedral has been hit

For many attacks of Persians, Arabs, and Russians, in addition to earthquakes, the reputation of this cathedral is not only for being an important place for Christian worship, but also for including its name on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites that contain world sites of natural and cultural importance.



Tourism in Georgia
Aerial Tramway in Tbilisi
This air tramway is one of the modern means of transportation that was opened in Tbilisi in 2012, and it was built at a great height above the old city; To facilitate the process of moving from Rike Park to Narikala Fortress in two minutes, and you can also visit the Botanical Gardens and the memorial Kartlis Deda, which has become a symbol of the city of Tbilisi, the capital, the transfer by tram makes the trip easier and faster and also provides you with wonderful views of the Metkvari River and the old town.


Tourism in Kosovo

Tourism in Kosovo

Tourism in Kosovo Visit Kosovo

Information about tourism in Kosovo

Tourism in Kosovo is one of the most important European nature destinations. Where it has many activities, events and different attractions that tourists can enjoy during their visit to this beautiful natural country.

A country located in southeastern Europe (the Balkans region) bordered by the Republic of Macedonia on the southeast, Serbia to the northeast, Montenegro to the northwest, and Albania to the south

Its capital is Pristina. The name Kosovo comes from the Serbian word “kos” which means “black bird”. The Serbian pronunciation is Kosovo, while the Albanian pronunciation is Kosovo. As for the historical Ottoman name for Kosovo, it is Kosova (in Ottoman: the state of Qusuh).


Culture and history
It was part of the Ottoman Empire for five centuries since it was conquered by the Ottoman Sultan Murad I in 1389. After the First Balkan War in 1912, the two kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro shared the lands of Kosovo. After the end of the First World War, Kosovo became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Yugoslavia was occupied and Kosovo was annexed to Albania, which was under Italian occupation.

The Republic of Kosovo is located in the Balkans in Europe. It has an area of ​​10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi) and a population of about 2 million. It is located between latitudes 41 ° and 44 ° N, and longitudes 20 ° and 22 ° E. It has borders with Albania in the west, Macedonia in the south, Serbia in the north, and Montenegro in the northwest. The main rivers in the region are the Dorim Belli River, which flows towards the Adriatic Sea, and the Abyaar River is a tributary of the Morava River. Forests constitute 39.1% of Kosovo. Its climate is continental, hot in summer and cold in winter.


Muslims make up 95% of the population of Kosovo, and Islam was directed to the region with the Ottoman conquest in the 15th century. There is also a minority of Roman Catholics. The first Islamic university was established in 1992 in Pristina, the capital.

Today, there are more than 800 mosque mosques in Kosovo, while about 100 others are being built in the various regions of Kosovo, including the construction project for the largest mosque in the entire Balkan region in the capital, Pristina. Friday sermons and religious lessons are given, and supplications are recited in the Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish languages. Teaching within the Qur’anic schools and Islamic schools is also done in the three languages.


Tourist areas in Kosovo
It is the largest and most beautiful lake in Kosovo. The artificial lake was built in 1977 as part of the water system that provides irrigation and drinking water to northern and central Kosovo. The lake is made up of one of the largest earth dams in Europe and extends across the border into Serbia. Its panoramic position amid the Rogozna Mountains makes it one of Kosovo’s most scenic natural attractions. The lake stretches 24 km in length and provides great opportunities for swimming, hiking and mountain biking. There are many small beaches along Gazivoda.

It is a city that you fall in love with at first sight. As it is a mixture between Ottoman heritage, communist designs and recently built architecture. This modest mixture of the new and the old, the Ottoman and the communist, the innovative and the traditional, gives Pristina a unique urban feel.


A century ago, Pristina was a multicultural and vibrant commercial city, mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches decorated the city skyline and a small Jewish community set up its own schools. The strong transformation from an Ottoman trading city to a communist capital left many milestones in the city.

Tourism in Kazakhstan

Tourism in Kazakhstan

Tourist places in Kazakhstan



The Republic of Kazakhstan is famous for its picturesque nature, as Kazakhstan is one of the most beautiful tourist destinations thanks to its distinguished geographical location between Europe and Asia. Find out through this tour guide the best cities and the most appropriate time to visit them.

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, or Kazakhstan (as it is spoken by the Turkic peoples), or Qebjaq, as it was called in the past, in Kazakh. And Kazakhstan means the homeland of the Kazakh people, who are spread in Russia, China, Turkey and Uzbekistan, in addition to Kazakhstan.

With the emergence of the modern Kazakh state, the term “Kazakh” was used on the citizens of Kazakhstan, regardless of their origins. And the word “kazakh” is a Turkish word of origin, meaning “free and independent,” which symbolizes the life of free nomads and the inhabitants who move freely on horseback.




As for the term “stan”, it is a Persian word meaning “home” or “land.” By this, Kazakhstan means “the home of the free.”

Culture and history
Kazakhstan has been inhabited since the Neolithic era by humans – they were hunters and ranchers, and scholars of human history believe that the Indo-Europeans were the first to domesticate and use horses, and Central Asia was inhabited by the indigenous Indo-Aryan peoples, especially the Scythians. In the fifth century AD, and perhaps before that, the Turkic peoples settled and became the majority.

In the eleventh century, the Kumans entered it and settled its plains, then united with the Qafjak tribes and formed the vast Koman and Qafjak federation. In this era, the cities of Taraz and Hatra Turkestan formed the main centers on the Silk Road.


The political union of the country began after the Mongolian invasion in the thirteenth century AD, who established sectors and organized the politics that developed in the form of a state known as the khans of Kazakhstan or Kazakhstan.

The culture of nomadism, nomadism and the care of livestock continued as a way of life in the highlands, and in the fifteenth century the emergence of an independent Kazakh identity, especially among the Turkish tribes, which was settled in the sixteenth century by the development of the Kazakh language, culture and economy.



The folklore of Turkish literature is represented by myths, tales, proverbs, wisdom and poems that speak of great heroics and deeds. Fantasy literature stems from the folklore, the first examples of fine arts related to the Stone Age. It is embodied in the Karatu and Kantau mountains in the form of animal images engraved on the rocks.
Within the ancient tribal arts, carpets are decorated in different ways, and during the period from the 5th to 7th centuries, contemporary forms of Kazakh carpets were created.



And in the period between the 8th and 12th centuries in the cities of Gassi, Uttirar, Syjanak and others, many types of art were developed. Pottery vessels and vessels were used to conserve water, scenes from life were depicted, and different colors were used in paint (black, brown, yellow, and red). As for leather and metal products, they were decorated with various forms of the national heritage.



Tourist areas in Kazakhstan
Kandy forests; Lake flooded forests
Lake Kandy was formed as a result of an earthquake in 1911, which led to a large collapse of the ground over an area of ​​more than 400 meters in the Tien Shan Mountains, and with the fluctuating weather factors and precipitation, this natural formation began to fill with water to form the lake and inundate the sunken forests containing pine trees And others.

The tops of trees on the surface of the lake look like spears or ship masts, and deep in the lake they are full of leaves and greenery. You can see the depth of the lake from the mountain; Thanks to the clear and clean waters that descend from it, you discover the submerged forest at its bottom, and in the winter an ice layer forms on the surface of the lake that enables you to ski or catch salmon.

The water of the lake is characterized by its coolness in summer and winter, as the water temperature does not exceed six degrees in the summer, and it has been preserving perennial pine trees for more than 100 years.

Sirarka; Nature reserves and lakes in northern Kazakhstan
On an area of ​​450,344 hectares, there is a nature reserve belonging to the state of Norzum, and another reserve in the state of Korgalzhin; This exceptional area is characterized by its humidity favorable to endangered water birds such as Siberian crane, palas hawk and wrinkled swans.

Sarika is a meeting point for migratory birds towards Central Asia, or from Africa, South Asia and Europe in general. The steppe is nearly 200,000 hectares of refuge for rare plant species and birds, and the saiga antelope is also threatened with extinction. The region includes freshwater and saltwater lakes between rivers that flow towards rivers flowing north to the Arctic and south towards the Ara Erich basin.

Astana; The modern capital
Astana is the capital of modern Kazakhstan, after Almaty. Astana has developed very quickly economically and in terms of tourism, and it includes several landmarks and places that are the main factor in tourist attraction, including:

Atameken Museum; Or a map of Kazakhstan; It is an open museum on a huge area that includes more than 400 models of various Kazakh antiquities.
Bayterek; The Tree of Life is a tower that rises 105 meters from the ground, topped by a 22-meter-diameter golden ball, in the center of which is a platform overlooking the city, and the Bayterek Tower symbolizes the sacred tree of life, on whose top the happiness bird laid an egg, according to Kazakh mythology. The tower contains a golden sculpture embodying the right hand of President Nizar Bayev, and a special fish tank specially designed for this tower.

Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan, inhabited by more than a million and a quarter people, it is the ancient capital of Kazakhstan, and it was the military fortress of the state and its commercial and cultural center. A city full of hotels, restaurants, attractions and monuments, and it contains a museum displaying the history of Al-Qazaa and ancient monuments. It also contains Panflov Square, famous for its Russian wooden churches, which were built without the use of nails in the nineteenth century. The city extends to Lake Balkhash, known as the country of the Seven Rivers, and the Silk Road passes through it.


Tourism in India

Tourism in India

Tourist places in India

General information about India



India is located in southern Asia. The seventh largest country by geographic area in the world, the second in terms of population, and the most populous democracy in the world.

It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east, and India has 7,517 kilometers (4,700 mi) of coastline.





7,517 km (4,700 mi) bordered by Pakistan to the west; The People’s Republic of China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is located near Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia on the Indian Ocean.

Culture and history

India is the cradle of the Indus Valley Civilization and the region of the historical trade route and many empires. The Indian subcontinent was known for its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.
Four major religions arose out there: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium AD, and these religions and cultures shaped the cultural diversity of the region.
Gradually India was annexed to the British East India Company in the early part of the eighteenth century, then colonized by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, and India became an independent country in 1947 after the struggle for independence movement that was marked by Wide range of non-violent resistance
Indian cuisine is characterized by a great diversity of regional styles and the meticulous use of herbs and spices. The staple foods in the region are rice (especially in the south and east) and wheat (mostly in the north).
Spices, such as black pepper, which are currently consumed around the world, are native to the Indian subcontinent. Chili peppers, introduced by the Portuguese, were also widely used in Indian cuisine.
The traditional Indian dress varies across regions in its color and shape and depends on various factors including the climate. The famous form of the dress includes decorated clothes such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men, in addition to stitched clothes such as salwar kameez for qurq women and European attire of trousers and shirts for men is also popular .



Tourist areas in India
Darjeeling is a city located in the Mahabharat Range near Himalaya in West Bengal, India. It is from the natural destination and the most wonderful. Darjeeling is also known as the Queen of the Hills.
Kashmir Kashmir
Kashmir is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Kashmir differs with famous attractions such as Gulmarg, Srinagar, Sonmarg, Nagin Lake, Bari Mahal and other places to spend your special vacation with your family as well as taking trips and excursions.


Shimla Shimla
Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh which is located in North India. Shimla is one of the most famous summer destinations in India. Kali Bari Temple is the famous temple in the heart of Shimla. The best time to visit Shimla is from October to June

And T. Ooty
Ooty is one of the most Queen’s hill stations in southern India. Ooty is famous for its movie shooting district. Ooty Lake has a view of the Botanical Gardens and Tea Farms, which is one of the most attractive places in Ooty.
Mahabaleshwar is a city in the Satara District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Which is located on an area of ​​115 km from Pune. Mahabaleshwar is a beautiful hill station with a historical place. Mahabaleshwar is very popular for holidays and honeymoon.
Mussoorie Mussoorie
Mussoorie is located in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand. Mussoorie hill center is also located in the foothills of the Himalayas Garhwal. It is also called Queen Hills. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.


It is a city in the East Kesian Hills in the state of Meghalaya. It has many attractive destinations such as Nokrik National Park, and Nohkalikal Waterfalls.

Tourism in the Philippines

Tourism in the Philippines

Tourist places in the Philippines

Tourism in the Philippines Information on tourism in the Philippines



Information about tourism in the Philippines

Tourism guide in the Philippines, in which you will find details of the most important destinations and the most beautiful islands of the Philippines. It is one of the most important tourist destinations in East Asia, which is characterized by the diversity of places and attractions.

The Republic of the Philippines is a constitutional republic located in Southeast Asia, in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago of 7,107 islands, bordered by Taiwan to the north through the Luzon Strait, and Vietnam to the west by the South China Sea. The Sulu Sea in the southwest separates it from the island of Borneo and the Sea of ​​Salps to the south separates it from other islands in Indonesia.

It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea. It is classified into three major geographic divisions which are Luzon, Besaya and Mindanao. Manila is the capital, while the most densely populated city is Quezon, and both cities are part of what is called Metro Manila.




The name Philippines is derived from the name of King Philip II of Spain. During his campaign in 1542, the Spanish explorer Roy Lopez de Villalobos named Filipinas to the islands of Leyte and Samar as Prince of Asturias (Spain). Ultimately, the name of the Philippine Islands (Las Islas, Philippines) was used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before this name became popular, other names were used by the Spaniards such as (Islands from the West) Islas del Boninete and the Magellan name for the San Lazaro Islands.



Culture and history
The earliest known human remains in the Philippines belong to a pre-Mongolian Tabon man from Palawan, where they date back to about 24,000 years ago according to radiocarbon studies. Negrito another group of the population appeared early, but their appearance in the Philippines was not properly dated.



The societies around the seaports had contact with other Asian societies during later periods and were influenced by the Hindu-Buddhist civilizations, Islam. A politically unified country did not emerge encompassing the entire Philippine archipelago. Instead, the islands were divided between competing maritime sovereign entities ruled by a Dato, Raja, or Sultan. Among these are the kingdoms of Mainela, Namyan, Tondo, Rajana Butuan, Cebu, and the Maguindanao and Solo sultanates. Some of these communities were part of the Malayan empires such as Srivijaya, Majapahit, and Brunei.
Islam arrived in the Philippines by merchants and preachers from Malaysia and Indonesia. By the fifteenth century, Islam had established itself in the Sulu Archipelago and reached Mindanao, Visia, and Luzon by 1565.



Tourist areas in the Philippines
The promised islands of the Bacuit Archipelago
If you are hoping to witness the remarkable natural beauty. You can explore these beautiful islands in the archipelago. These islands are among the peaceful islands of the Bacuit Archipelago in the north. It is one of the few tropical gardens on Earth. And still unexplored full of beaches.

Wild horse area
The wild horse district of Sagada is a remote area of ​​the island. It is home to hundreds of wild horses. To access this site. You have to be prepared for the journey of dense tropical forests – to enjoy a pleasant experience if you are a nature lover.


– Chocolate Hills National Monument of Bohol
Chocolate Hills National Monument is a geological place located in Bohol Province in the Visayas region. It contains a group of 75 or so islands. The national park is famous for its hundreds of strange cartoon-like hills. With all the few symmetrical slopes. And the height of no more than 100 meters or so from the surrounding and flat land. Chocolate Hills is a term that comes from the emergence of distant hills.

Tourism in the Philippines
Chocolate Mountains in Bohol
Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa is a national park in Sabang, Palawan. It stretches about 15 miles from the city of the same name. Chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature in 2012. And the highlight of the park is from the underground river. It is a river that stretches along the caves without interruption. And it extends over great distances. A tourist can explore the mysterious river on boat tours.



Swimming with whales and sharks
Whale sharks can be spotted in Oslob in Cebu and Donsol in southeast Luzon. Despite its scary name. However, the shark and giant whale are a cute creature that eats plankton. You can enjoy a short day trip on a boat in the sea to dive with these wonderful creatures.

– Surigao
Surigao is a beautiful region on the island of Mindanao. It is the part of the Philippines that has wonderful natural beauty. There is the Enchanted River and Tinuy Falls and here you can enjoy some of the most beautiful sights in all of the Philippines.

– Boracay Island
Boracay is a small island in the western and western Philippines. It has stunning emerald green waters, and it has an excellent nightlife setting

Discover with us tourism in the Philippines, which is one of the best decisions you make for a vacation. And get acquainted with many tourist places whose beauty will definitely amaze you.

Tourism in Portugal

Tourism in Portugal

Tourist places in Portugal



An overview of Portugal
Portugal is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, which is the westernmost country in Europe.

It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, and Spain to the north and east. The archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira in the Atlantic Ocean are also part of Portugal.

Culture and history
The land within the borders of present-day Portugal has been settled continuously since prehistoric times. Roman settlers heavily influenced Portuguese culture, especially the Portuguese language, which derives most of it from Latin. In the fifth century, after the fall of the Roman Empire, the region was subjugated by several Germanic peoples, most notably the Soybeans and the Visigoths. In the early 8th century the Muslims invaded those Germanic kingdoms and took control of most of the Iberian Peninsula.
During the fall of Andalusia, Portugal was settled as part of the Kingdom of Galicia. The founding of the kingdom was recognized in 1143 and its borders were stabilized by 1249, and thus it claims to be the oldest European nation-state.




In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, as a result of marine exploration, Portugal expanded to become a global empire whose possessions included lands in Africa, Asia and South America, and became a major world power economically, politically and militarily. The Portuguese Empire was the world’s first and longest-lived empire.



Tourist areas in Portugal
Coimbra is a charming little town located on the banks of the Mondego River in central Portugal, Coimbra is home to treasures of historical sites and beautiful gardens, which have a lively culture centered around one of the oldest universities in Europe.



The Azores
The Azores consist of 9 volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean, and are located about 1,500 km (930 miles) west of Lisbon. Known for its mineral hot springs, and exotic coastal cities, every island has its own wonderful identity. São Miguel is the largest island of the Azores, which is known as the “Green Island” while Pico has the highest mountain in Portugal.

Aveiro is a bustling city often called “Portugal’s Gun” due to the picturesque setting of scenic canals connected by charming bridges and dotted with colorful gondolas and speedboats. There are historical sites, wonderful beaches and delicious cuisine from Aveiro as a popular tourist destination.



Evora may be a small town in the Alentejo plains region of southern Portugal, but it is a huge tourist area. Evora has a history dating back more than 2,000 years and was one of the thriving cities under Roman rule. Today Evora is the capital of the Alentejo region, which is seen from the well-preserved ancient city, which houses more than 4,000 historical structures including ancient Roman walls and temples.


Porto is a bustling city that stretches along the hillside overlooking the Douro River in northern Portugal. In the heart of Porto, you find a charming pedestrian area, with cafes, restaurants and street vendors.

Madeira is the capital and largest city in Madeira, Funchal, and can be considered home to churches, castles, historic tourist resorts and restaurants, as well as lined with picnic trees, which offer spectacular views to visitors.

The Algarve enjoys a sunny Mediterranean setting, gorgeous beaches, picturesque towns and historic sites. The Algarve is one of the best places to visit in Portugal, located in the southern region of the Algarve country, displaying a serene landscape of olive groves and traditional white villages to the wilderness, and there is the coast that is blown by the winds with dramatic cliffs with summer resorts.



Lisbon extends along the banks of the Tagus River near the Atlantic Ocean, it is the capital of Portugal and the most satisfactory place for the city winds between seven steep hills, and Lisbon is a charming tourist destination due to the hot weather and alluring alleys, in addition to exotic shops, Gothic cathedrals, wonderful bridges and colorful neighborhoods.

Tourism in Ireland

Tourism in Ireland

Tourist places in Ireland

General information about Ireland


Ireland forms the largest (five sixths) portion of the island of Ireland. The island is located in the northeast of the Atlantic Ocean, adjacent to the island of Britain. It is separated from Britain by the North Sea, the Irish Sea, the Saint George Channel and the Celtic Sea. Northern Ireland, belonging to the United Kingdom, is the other small part of the island.

Ireland’s climate is cold in the winter, with temperatures reaching freezing levels in many parts of the country, and moderately cold in the summer with almost daily rainfall that falls most of the year. Ireland’s climate is greatly influenced by the westerly winds coming from the Atlantic Ocean, and the daily weather in Ireland is one of the most volatile rituals in the world and it is difficult at different times during the year to predict its condition.




Culture and history
Ireland’s history has several features, the first of which is that it was affected by its geographical location in relation to the European continent, the second is its connection with England, which tried to control it and resisted its people for that, and the third was the devastating wars that Ireland witnessed, and the fourth of which was the religious and political persecution there, and the last of which was the economic crises that it suffered and caused many of its people to migrate to Other countries.

Christianity began in the country in the sixth century AD at the hands of Saint Patrick in the middle of the tenth century, after which the Normans seized most of the island’s lands.


King Henry II’s rule over Ireland began in 1172, while British control began in 1534, followed by the suppression of the Catholic population. Ireland joined the United Kingdom in 1801.

On Easter in 1916, the Radicals launched a revolt against the British, but it failed and most of its leaders were executed. In 1921 Britain divided the island into two parts, south and north, and in 1922 Iran declared independence without the northern part, which led to the outbreak of a civil war until next year between the moderates and the radicals.



Tourist areas in Ireland
Christ Church Cathedral
Located on high ground in the oldest part of Dublin, Christ Church is one of the city’s finest historic buildings. Part of the Anglican Church in Ireland, the cathedral is the parent church of the Archdiocese of Dublin and Glendalough. It is one of two Protestant cathedrals in Dublin. He built a church with wood on this site in 1038. It is on top of a hill within the city walls. The current stone cathedral began work in 1172 after the conquest of Dublin by Richard de Clare, Baron Norman.

The building continued into the 13th century, so a shift from Norman styles to early English Gothic can be seen in the architecture.



Notre Dame Street
Notre Dame Street in the north, and west of Green College, you will find the Temple Bar, a medieval area with narrow cobbled streets. There is the promotion of Temple Bar Dublin as a cultural crossroads with bright evening entertainment.
You can enjoy watching the castle and a library, and you will find a wide range of manuscripts and artifacts from all over the world, and when you move to the west and southwest of Dublin Castle, you will find two types of the Protestant cathedral, which is Christ Church and St. Patrick’s Church.

Kildare Street
You can enjoy a short stroll through Nassau Street from Trinity College, until you reach Kildare Street. There you can find the National Museum, “Entrance is free”. It is inside a group of prehistoric gold and Viking artifacts. After visiting this museum, you can go to the National Library, which is also free to enter to see the literature exhibition.



Dublin Castle
Built in the thirteenth century on a site settled by the Vikings, it stood as a military fortress, prison, treasury, legal courts and the seat of the English Language Administration in Ireland for 700 years. Reconstructed in the seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth and tenth centuries, Dublin Castle is now used for important state receptions and presidential openings. . (Sometimes, Dublin Castle can be closed in a very short time for government business).


Cliffs of Moher
The impressive Cliffs of Moher are one of Ireland’s most visited natural attractions. Stretching 8 kilometers along the Atlantic coast at Clare, the slopes reach 214 meters at the highest point at Knockardakin. Halfway down the slopes you will find the eco-friendly visitor center on the hillside. Here, you can also discover O’Brien, a 19th-century viewing tower. From the main platform, you can see the southern slopes towards Cape Hague, a natural rocky rock resembling a seated woman. From the north platform, you can discover the mound of the Brannan Moor Sea, home to Gilmoots and Rizzarpels, as well as the Aran Islands.

Tourism in Greece

Tourism in Greece

Tourist places in Greece


Tourism guide in Greece On this topic, we inform you about the most important tourist places in Greece in the most famous cities and the Greek tourist islands. European destination known for sunshine, seafood, and whitewashed houses with bright blue ceilings and a relaxed and laid-back lifestyle.




Greece, or officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in southeastern Europe, Athens is the country’s capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.



Tourism in Greece
Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is located on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, and shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. Greece consists of nine geographical regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Cyclades Dodecanese), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline in the Mediterranean basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world 13,676 km (8498 mi) in length, and includes a large number of islands, of which 227. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 meters. (9,573 feet).

Culture and history
Greek history is one of the longest of any country. The country is considered the cradle of Western civilization, after it was the cradle of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, history and political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy.

The Greeks were first unified under Philip of Macedon in the fourth century BC. His son Alexander the Great quickly conquered much of the ancient world, spreading Greek culture and science from the eastern Mediterranean to the Indus.

Appropriated by Rome in the second century BC, Greece became an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire. The first century AD saw the founding of the Greek Orthodox Church, which shaped the modern Greek identity and transmitted through Greek traditions to the Orthodox world on a larger scale.

Falling under Ottoman domination in the mid-15th century, the modern nation-state of Greece emerged in the 1830s after the War of Independence. Greece’s rich historical legacy is reflected in a large part by 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among the most in Europe and the world.

Tourist areas in Greece
Santorini island:
There is no doubt that this view is one of the most beautiful scenes of romance in the world. It is enough to see the sunset, and watch the magic and splendor of the ocean from the houses with ease, which makes this island very special. The vast majority of postcard stores in Greece have pictures of Santorini.

Parthenon Acropolis, Athens, Greece:
You can take a deep breath in the many historical sites in Greece, including this building, which is considered the most important building in classical Greece. It is an ancient ruins in the temple of the Acropolis in Athens.

Mykonos island:
This island is considered one of the most beautiful regions of the Aegean Sea. In Mykonos you find a unique set of wonderful architecture around the bay of the picturesque fishing village, as you find the white buildings forming a wonderful maze made up of several roads and narrow streets. And the most beautiful of them are the beautiful beaches of the island, which made it a tourist attraction to enjoy a perfect view of the sunset.

Meteora, Greece:
This city is formed from rocks suspended in the air or in the sky, and it is one of the largest and most important concentrations of monasteries in Greece and comes in importance after Mount Athos. These monasteries were built on vertical rocks at the northern edge of the Thessaly Plain near the Pindus Mountains, which are located in central Greece. The area has six monasteries, and it is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Greece, Meteora has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1988, and it was not possible to reach the top of the rock easily, as the first monks built simple stairs by throwing wood in holes in the rocks. .

Mauritius beach, Kefalonia island:
Once you visit Mauritius, you can see the natural beauty of the beach there, which is located in the northwest of the island of Kefalonia. The huge contrast of the bright blue waters and white beach make it a very pleasant sight, beside the view of the mountains and steep slopes.

Samaria Valley, Crete:
It is one of the most attractive places for tourists. It is visited by more than half a million people annually. The Samaria Valley is a national park in Greece on the island of Crete. And visitors can enjoy a wonderful tour through the corridors and high cliffs formed by nature, in order to reach the coastal villages next to it.

Rhodes Island:
The island is known historically as the site of the former existence of Apollo Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is located near the southern coast of Turkey, midway between the main islands of Greece and Cyprus. Rhodes is the easternmost island in relation to Greece

Aegean. It is about 18 km from western Turkey. It is most popular due to its turquoise waters and beautiful white sandy beaches.

Mystras, Peloponnese, Greece:
The city of Mystras is a mountain village that you cannot climb to by car, and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Center. The archaeological site consists of well-preserved Byzantine churches and a powerful fort.

Naxos Island:
This island is located on the southern side of Greece and is home to a legendary mountain and a wonderful green island with fertile valleys and high mountains, and also crosses its shores from the most beautiful beaches, as it attracts tourists to practice water sports and to enjoy an atmosphere of relaxation.

Delphi theater, Greece:
Delphi in general is an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece located on the southwest of Mount Parnassus, the theater was built on top of a hill and has also been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ancient Greeks believed that Delphi was the center of the earth’s surface, and in this holy city the temple of Apollo was erected in the eighth century BC, then it fell into the hands of the Romans and its importance and religious role faded with the spread of Christianity, until its ancient temples were permanently closed, then reopened by decree of the Emperor Theodosius the Great.

Delphi enjoys theaters, poetry evenings and concerts, and the beauty of its landscapes is well worth the effort to get there.

Tourism in Mauritius

Tourism in Mauritius

Tourist places in Mauritius



General information about Mauritius

Mauritius is a small island in the middle of the Indian Ocean, about 860 kilometers from Malagash (Madagascar). The Portuguese traveler Don Pedro Mascarenhas was the first to know the world about it in the year 1505 and he gave the name Mascarines to the group of islands now known as Mauritius, Rodrigues and Reunion.

In the year 1598, a Dutch fleet anchored in Grand Port, which led to the establishment of the first Dutch colony on the island in 1638. Over the years, the Dutch introduced the island to sugar cane, domesticated animals and deer before their departure from it in 1710, followed by the French in 1715. They established the port of Port Louis – the current capital of the country – and the island of Mauritius remained their base until the defeat of Napoleon, and Britain seized it in the year 1810 AD, and they established an authority under the leadership of Robert Farquhar that later implanted rapid social and economic changes in the island. The country held general elections in 1967, after which Mauritius established a new constitution and declared its independence on March 12, 1968, followed by the proclamation of the Republic of Mauritius on March 12, 1992.



Culture and history

The census of Mauritius constitutes a diverse palette of races, cultures and religions, where the religions of Islam, Western Christianity, Creole, Chinese and Tamil races live side by side in perfect harmony, as this harmony between all cultures and ethnicities is one of the attractions of the island.
This rich cultural heritage of an impressive array of mosques, churches and temples is evident in every corner. After the independence of the Republic from British colonialism, a large number of Europeans – especially the British – decided to settle in the country and not return to the mother country, due to the natural beauty in these islands and their strategic location near the global shipping lines between Asia, Africa and the Americas.
This community constitutes the economic elite in the republic in addition to other communities such as the Lebanese, Egyptians and others. Generally speaking, Mauritians are bilingual as they speak both French and English fluently. The official language of the island is English, but French and Creole are more widely spoken in addition to the presence of several eastern languages ​​as well.



Tourist areas in Mauritius

1. Grand Baie

Grand Baie is a seaside village and large tourist beach in the Riviere-de-Rimbarte region in northern Mauritius. The resort town of Grand Bay is the most popular holiday destination in Mauritius. The island owes its popularity to the quality of its charming emerald waters and its vibrancy by day and night.

It provides facilities for safe swimming, sailing, windsurfing and water skiing, and is also the starting point for deep-sea fishing trips and boat excursions to the islands to northern Mauritius and has a wide range of fashion and crafts stores, hotels and restaurants. You can find traditional local stores in Grand Bay, and given the variety of stores and shopping complexes, Grand Bay is definitely the number one shopping destination for clothing, jewelry, textiles, and souvenirs.

2. Chamarel Village
Chamarel is a village located in the Black River region, on the island of Mauritius, East Africa. Here, tourists can see dunes with 7 different colors. It is known that the dunes are also known as the Land of the Seven Colors. The sand dunes in the village of Chamarel are very popular with tourists. This village has turned into one of the most famous tourist sites in the island of Mauritius since 1960, with a wide area of ​​different colored soft sand glamor. In red, brown, purple, green, blue, yellow and orange, they all fuse into one look, creating a stunning scene.

3. Le Chateau de Labourdonnais
Labordani Palace is one of the tourist attractions in Mauritius. It is a mixture of sights including a museum, a park, a restaurant. Lynette 1857 in the style of an old European classic.

4. Black River Gorges
Black River Gorges National Park is a beautiful mountainous region in the southern part of Mauritius, and it is perhaps the best area for some excursions and adventures within the island. Located on the hills of the Champagne Plains, Black River Gorgis National Park covers 6,576 hectares of mountains and forests, and is home to more than 150 species of plants and 9 species of birds.

5. Le Morne Brabant
Le Morne Brabant is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as it is an island almost like paradise. It is just an interesting place about this tourist attraction in Mauritius where palm trees, white sandy beaches and warm tropical waters are an opportunity to relax, and do nothing for a few days.