General information about Tanzania
Tanzania is located in the east of central Africa, and it shares its borders from the north with the state of Kenya and the state of Uganda, as for the south, it shares its borders with Mozambique, Zambia and Malawi, and on the western side it shares the borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the states of Rwanda and Burundi, as for its borders Al Sharqiya extends along the Indian Ocean.
It is called the Republic of Tanzania, and the reason for its name Tanzania is due to the joining of Tanganyika and Zanzibar together to form the Federal Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964 AD, its main coastal center remained Dar es Salaam as the official capital of the country until 1996 AD, then Dodoma was chosen to be the official capital of the republic. The area of the Republic is 945.203 km2 and its population is approximately 44 million.
Tourist places in Tanzania
Unguja, also known as Zanzibar Island, is the main island in the Tanzanian archipelago of Zanzibar. It is an old mall, with mosques and winding lanes. There is also the palace of the former Sultan with its clock tower. The old fort now houses a cultural center and a stone amphitheater. Underground water canals feed hot water into Persian bathhouses from the late nineteenth century.
At Darajani Market since the early 1900’s, locals have gathered to buy produce, spices and seafood. The Anglican cathedral is on the site of an old slave market. The islands of Morogo and Pang, off Stone Town, are known for their coral reefs and diving sites. The waters around the small island of Mnimba, located off the northeast coast of Unguja, also feature diverse animal and plant marine life. Where dolphins swim off the beaches in the south. The Jozani Forest Reserve is home to red monkeys and other indigenous wildlife.
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Arusha is a city in eastern Tanzania, located at the base of a volcanic mountain. It is known as the gateway to safari destinations and to Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa, as it is located 100 km northeast.
To the west lies Serengeti National Park, home to wildlife including lions, rhinos, giraffes, cheetahs and many other animals. It is marked by annual migrations with large herds of wildlife crossing its plains.
The park is home to many wildlife such as elephants, zebras, wildebeest and deer, many of which are attracted to underground currents during the dry season.
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Ngorongoro Crater is one of the most famous sites in Africa and is said to have the highest wildlife density in Africa. Sometimes described as the “eighth wonder of the world,” Crater has achieved worldwide fame, attracting an increasing number of visitors each year. As there is no other place in Africa to see wildlife like Ngorongoro!
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The “Ngorongoro Crater” is the largest volcanic basin in the world, forming an astonishing bowl of about 265 square kilometers, with sides up to 600 meters deep; It is home to about 30,000 animals. Wide swaths of clouds revolve around the rocky edge most days of the year, and it is also one of the few places in Tanzania that can get cold at night.