General information about Tanzania
Tanzania is located in east-central Africa, and shares its borders in the north with Kenya and Uganda, in the south it shares borders with Mozambique, Zambia and Malawi, and in the west it shares borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. Eastern stretches along the Indian Ocean.
It is called the Republic of Tanzania, and the reason for its name is Tanzania due to the joining of Tanganyika and Zanzibar together to form the Federal Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964 AD. Its main coastal center, Dar es Salaam, remained the official capital of the country until 1996 AD, then Dodoma was chosen to be the official capital of the Republic The area of the republic is 945,203 km2 and its population is approximately 44 million.
Tourist places in Tanzania
Unguja, also known as Zanzibar Island, is the main island of the Tanzania archipelago of Zanzibar. It is an old mall, with mosques and winding lanes. There is also the former Sultan’s palace with a clock tower. The old fort now houses a cultural center and a stone amphitheater. Underground aqueducts fed hot water to Persian hammams from the late 19th century.
In Darajani Market since the early 1900’s, locals gather to buy produce, spices and seafood. The Anglican cathedral is located on the site of the old slave market. The Morogo and Bang islands, off Stone Town, are known for their coral reefs and dive sites. The waters around the small island of Mnemba, off the northeastern coast of Unguja, are also characterized by a diverse marine flora and fauna. Where dolphins swim off the beaches in the south. Jozani Forest Reserve is home to red monkeys and other indigenous wildlife.
Arusha is a city in Tanzania, East Africa, located at the base of a volcanic mountain. It is known as the gateway to safari destinations and to Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa, located 100 km to the northeast.
To the west lies the Serengeti National Park, home to wildlife including lions, rhinos, giraffes, leopards and many other animals. It is characterized by annual migrations of large herds of wild animals that cross its plains.
The park is home to many wild animals such as elephants, zebras, wildebeest and deer, many of which are attracted to underground streams during the dry season.
The Ngorongoro Crater is one of the most famous sites in Africa and is said to have the highest density of wildlife in Africa. Sometimes described as the “Eighth Wonder of the World”, Crater has achieved worldwide fame, attracting an increasing number of visitors each year. As there is no other place in Africa to see wildlife like Ngorongoro!
The Ngorongoro Crater is the largest volcanic basin in the world. It forms an astonishing bowl of about 265 square kilometres, with sides up to 600 meters deep; It is home to about 30,000 animals. Wide expanses of clouds circle the rocky ledge for most of the year, and it’s also one of the few places in Tanzania that can get cold at night.