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Information about tourism in Georgia

Information about tourism in Georgia



Tourism in Georgia is characterized by an amazing nature due to its resources that motivate travelers to go to it, we offer you in this topic a comprehensive guide about the most famous cities and tourist places in this charming country.

A sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is located at the meeting point of Eastern Europe with West Asia, as it is bordered on the west by the Black Sea, on the north by Russia, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east. Georgia covers an area of ​​69,700 sq km.




Tourism in Georgia
Georgia is located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, that is, Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Russia forms its northern border, as it stretches with the summit of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, which is generally known as the boundary between Europe and Asia. In Philip Johann von Stralinberg’s definition of Europe in 1730, used by the Russian tsars and who was the first to define the Ural Mountains as the eastern border of the continent, the continental boundaries were drawn from the Kuma-Manish depression to the Caspian Sea, setting Georgia (and the entire Caucasus) Within Asia.

Culture and history
The climate varies greatly in Georgia due to the country’s small size. This country has two major climate zones that characterize the eastern and western parts of the country. The Greater Caucasus Mountains play an important role in modifying the climate in Georgia, as they form a dam in the face of cold air masses coming from the north. The Lesser Caucasus Mountains partially protect the area from the influence of dry and hot air masses coming from the south.




Georgian culture developed over thousands of years, finding its foundations in the Iberian and Kolkhian civilizations, passing through the united Kingdom of Georgia under the rule of the Bagration dynasty. Georgian culture lived a golden age and a renaissance in classical literature, arts, philosophy, architecture and science in the eleventh century.

Tourism in Georgia
The Georgian language and classic literature of the poet Shota Rustaveli was revived in the 19th century after a long period of turmoil, laying the foundations for the romances and novelists of the modern era such as Gregol Orbliani, Nicolaus Baratashvili, and many others.



Georgia is known for its rich folklore, unique traditional music, theater and cinema, and art. Georgians are famous for their love of music, dance, theater and cinema. During the twentieth century, many prominent Georgian painters appeared, such as Niko Pirosmani, Lado Godashvili, Eileen Khvlidiani; Ballet choreographers such as Georges Blanchein, Vakhtang Shapukiani, and Nino Ananiashvili; Among the poets Galaktion Tabidze, Lado Asatiani and Makhran Makavariani; Film and theater directors such as Robert Storua, Tengiz Abuladze, Giorgi Danelia and Awtar Ioseliani.





Tourist areas in Georgia
Lake Ritsa
Lake Ritsa is one of the most prominent tourist places in Georgia for tourist attractions. It is located in the city of Abkhazia in the north. Lake Ritsa is surrounded by mountains and water saturated with green and blue colors in which trout is found. To 117 meters, the summer is the best time to visit the lake, as the weather is cool there and it is a beautiful place for picnicking, fishing and tours of its boats available for tourism.

Tourism in Georgia
Narikala Fortress
Narikala Fortress or Fortress is one of the most important and prominent tourist attractions in Georgia that many tourists visit, and it is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Georgian Republic and the second region with the highest tourist attraction at the regional level in the republic. Narikala Castle is located on a hill overlooking the city and the Mutakfari River, This castle was built in the fourth century AD with the aim of protecting the city from any enemy attack, despite a devastating earthquake in 1827 that was able to demolish part of this castle, but the walls and walls that surround it are still standing to this day.




Tourism in Georgia
The famous Boulevard Park in Batumi Boulevard
Batumi is one of the most beautiful cities in Georgia at all, which must be among the most important tourist places in Georgia. It is a coastal city overlooking the Black Sea, famous for its pleasant climate, as well as containing contemporary architecture in its buildings and a number of charming beaches. As for the Boulevard Park, it is The most important gardens of Batumi extend along the seashore, surrounded on its sides by gardens and palm trees in a wonderful view, this park is considered one of the places that stand out in the summer nights for the city’s residents, and it is a public place where people enjoy hiking, jogging, cycling, watching the beautiful landscapes, and taking pictures A souvenir that reminds you of the most beautiful times.

Tourism in Georgia
Mount Kazbek
Mount Kazbek, meaning the snow mountain, is part of the beautiful mountainous nature that God gave to Georgia, located in the far north of the country on the border between the Georgian Republic and Russia at the Caucasus Mountains, the mountain is widely popular with tourists and climbers because it is the highest peak in the region that allows seeing the most beautiful views of nature. The witch from above.

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
One of the important architectural buildings in the Georgian Republic, it was built in the fourth century in the city of Meskheta, which is a historical city located near Tbilisi, the capital, until its current construction was rebuilt in the 11th century, and its internal walls contained remnants of symbols and frescoes, as well as decorated stone, The cathedral has been hit

For many attacks of Persians, Arabs, and Russians, in addition to earthquakes, the reputation of this cathedral is not only for being an important place for Christian worship, but also for including its name on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites that contain world sites of natural and cultural importance.



Tourism in Georgia
Aerial Tramway in Tbilisi
This air tramway is one of the modern means of transportation that was opened in Tbilisi in 2012, and it was built at a great height above the old city; To facilitate the process of moving from Rike Park to Narikala Fortress in two minutes, and you can also visit the Botanical Gardens and the memorial Kartlis Deda, which has become a symbol of the city of Tbilisi, the capital, the transfer by tram makes the trip easier and faster and also provides you with wonderful views of the Metkvari River and the old town.


Tourism in Armenia

Tourism in Armenia

Tourist places in Armenia



General information about Armenia

It is a landlocked mountainous country located in the Caucasus of Eurasia, where it is located at the meeting point of Western Asia and Eastern Europe.

It is bordered by Turkey on the west, Georgia on the north, the de facto republic of Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan in the east, while on the south it is bordered by Iran and the Nakhchivan enclave of Azerbaijan.

The climate of Armenia is remarkably continental. Summer is dry and sunny and lasts from June through mid-September. Temperatures range from 22-36 ° C (72-97 ° F). Winter sports enthusiasts enjoy skiing down the hills of Chakhkadzor, about thirty minutes outside Yerevan. Lake Sevan, which is located in the Armenian Highlands, is the second highest lake in the world, as it is located at an altitude of 1900 meters (6234 feet) above sea level.




Culture and history
Armenians have a special alphabet and language. The Armenian alphabet was invented in 405 AD by Saint Mesrop Mashdutus and consists of thirty-eight letters, two of which were added during the Cilician period. 96% of the country’s population speaks Armenian, while 75.8% speak Russian, and the popularity of the English language is also increasing with the present time.

Armenian music is a mixture of local folk music, which is perhaps best represented by Djivan Gasparian’s duduk music, as well as Christian pop and music.
Musical instruments such as the duduk, dahl, zurna and qanun are found in Armenian folk music. Artists such as Sayed Noa are also famous for their influence in the development of Armenian folk music. One of the oldest types of Armenian music is the Armenian chant, which is the most common type of religious music in Armenia. Many of these hymns are ancient in origin, and stretch back to pre-Christian times, while others are relatively recent, including many composed by Saint Mesrop Mashdutut, the inventor of the Armenian alphabet. Under Soviet rule, Armenian composer Aram Khachaturian became internationally famous for his compositions of Armenian classical music and various ballet works, including Saber dances (a saber type of sword) in the Gayana ballet.



The National Museum of Art in Yerevan has more than 16,000 works dating back to the Middle Ages, which tell the rich tales and stories of Armenia of those times. It also includes paintings by many European artists. The Museum of Modern Art, the Child Portrait Gallery and the Martiros Saryan Museum are just names among the many museums and galleries in Yerevan. In addition, there are many private galleries, many of which open each year, including rotating exhibitions and sales houses.


Tourist areas of Armenia

St. Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral
Also known as Yerevan Cathedral, it is currently the largest cathedral of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the world. It is located in the Kentron (Central Region) district of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, and is considered one of the largest religious buildings in the South Caucasus along with the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Tbilisi (known as Samba Cathedral). It is located next to the public Andranik metro station, and can be seen from many angles in Yerevan.

Uriboon Castle
The ancient castle museum dating back nearly 3000 years, which proves the preserved Yerevan civilization in the Eriboni Castle in Armenia.


the blue Mosque
The mosque that dates back to the 18th century, is one of the few surviving (pre-Soviet secular) Islamic structures that bear witness to the flourishing of the Muslim community in Yerevan.

Lake Sevan
– “The Jewel of Armenia” or “The Gjama Sea” is one of the largest mountain freshwater lakes in the world. This picturesque lake is located in the middle of the Armenian highlands in a huge mountain plate surrounded by beautiful peaks at an altitude of 1900 meters. The surface area of ​​the lake is 940 km2, the maximum depth is 95 m

The coast of Lake Sevan is distinguished by its picturesque scenery, with its green forests, pristine white rocks, mountain steppes, mountain meadows, pine trees and pebble beaches. Add to this beautiful landscape the low clouds that actually touch the tops of the snow-covered mountains, giving the lake a striking beauty and splendor. It is also surrounded by many temples that were created in a unique style of ancient Armenian architecture.

The jewel of Armenian architecture was built in the Middle Ages, the ninth and thirteenth centuries. In the past, it was difficult to reach, as the road was winding and tourists were forced to descend the rough roads of the strait and cross a river on Devil’s Bridge, but now it can be reached there easily by the longest cable car in the world.

Tatev Monastery is located in the center of Syunik, near the village of Tatev, on a cliff overlooking the right bank of the Vorotan River. This remote location was strategically favorable as the monastery was at the same time the religious and political center of the Sayunik principality, and had to be defended. The monastery was also the residence of the Sionik bishop. Titiv collected taxes from hundreds of villages, making it a rich monastery and educational institute.










Tatev University was the largest center of medieval Armenian philosophy and science. Students studied philosophy, theology, physics, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and architecture, and the library contained 10,000 manuscripts, all of which were destroyed in one day during the Mongol invasion in the thirteenth century. European scholars were jealous of the freedoms that Armenian scholars enjoyed, as they were able to study with relatively little interference from the Church.

Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Tourist places in Kyrgyzstan



General information about Kyrgyzstan

It is a country located in Central Asia, bordering China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Its capital is Bishkek. Independence from the Soviet Union in late 1991. The Kyrgyz Republic is located in the eastern part of Central Asia. It shares its eastern border with the East Turkestan region, and it is currently affiliated with the People’s Republic of China. Kyrgyzstan is bordered on the north by the Republic of Kazakhstan, on the west by the Republic of Uzbekistan, and on the southwest by the Republic of Tajikistan, and all the borders of Kyrgyzstan are surrounded by Muslim-majority countries.


The climate of Kyrgyzstan is continental extremes with fluctuations. Cold over heights, the tallest snow covers its peaks. It is warm in the central plains, where the mountains are a natural protection for it. This is one of the reasons for Russian immigrants gathered in this easy. Their proportion has risen to a third of the population of Kyrgyzstan. The rain falling on the intermediate region. It is sufficient for the growth of forests and steppe weeds in some regions of Kyrgyzstan.

Culture and history

Kyrgyzstan is the only ex-Soviet republics in Central Asia besides Kazakhstan to maintain Russian as the official language. The Kyrgyz language was added to the official language in September 1991, in an attempt to attract Russians not to immigrate from the newly independent country.

The Kyrgyz language belongs to the Turkic group of languages ​​and was written in the Arabic alphabet until the twentieth century. It was replaced by the Latin alphabet adopted in 1928, and later replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in 1941.

Generally speaking, people understand the Russian language all over the country, with the exception of some mountainous regions. Russian is the mother tongue of the majority of Bishkek residents, and most business and political affairs are conducted in this language.


Until the present time, Kyrgyz remained a language spoken in homes, and it was rarely used during meetings or other events. However, most parliamentary sessions today take place in Kyrgyz, with interpretation available for those who are not native speakers.

Tourist areas


Kyrgyzstan is the only ex-Soviet republics in Central Asia besides Kazakhstan to maintain Russian as the official language. The Kyrgyz language was added to the official language in September 1991, in an attempt to attract Russians not to immigrate from the newly independent country.

The Kyrgyz language belongs to the Turkic group of languages ​​and was written in the Arabic alphabet until the twentieth century. It was replaced by the Latin alphabet adopted in 1928, and later replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in 1941.

Generally speaking, people understand the Russian language all over the country, with the exception of some mountainous regions. Russian is the mother tongue of the majority of Bishkek residents, and most business and political affairs are conducted in this language.

Until the present time, Kyrgyz remained a language spoken in homes, and it was rarely used during meetings or other events. However, most parliamentary sessions today take place in Kyrgyz, with interpretation available for those who are not native speakers.

Tourist areas

Alatou Square
It is located in the center of the capital, Bishkek, on Prospect Street, and in the statue of the famous leader “Manas”, in addition to the Banfo Love Park and the Historical Museum on the same street.

Art Museum
It is located in the city of Bishkek on the Sovetskia Street, which includes many ancient artifacts and monuments that belong to the city. Russian Drama Theater and Kyrgyz Drama Theater are located in the capital, Bishkek.



Botanical garden
It is located in the city of Bishkek, and it is the largest park in the republic, which grows more than 25,000 species of trees and is distinguished by its wonderful and picturesque views.

The city of Osh
It is an ancient historical city, distinguished by its traditional buildings and wonderful designs, and it includes the Mount of the Prophet Solomon.

The city of Tlass
It is one of the oldest cities in the republic, and it is the birthplace of the Kyrgyz grandfather and the national hero of the region, who is called “Manas”.

Alamuddin River
It is about 40 kilometers from the capital, Bishkek, and it is a river between two mountains coming from the top of the mountains due to melting snow, and on its sides there are many pools dating back to the Communist era.

The city of Gladabad
This city is famous for its picturesque nature and abundant with walnut gardens and mineral springs.

Tourism in Romania

Tourism in Romania

Tourist places in Romania



Tourism guide in Romania. A country in the Balkan Peninsula, which has a rich historical legacy. It is characterized by its charming nature of green mountains, forests and plains, and the Danube River passes through it. We review information about the sights of this unique European destination.

It is a republic located in eastern Europe, its capital is Bucharest, and the Danube River passes in the south of the country, and Romania is one of the Balkan countries where it is located in the northern Balkans.The Danube delta is located on its territory, where it empties into the Black Sea and the Carpathian Mountains in the south and in the center of the country is bordered on the north by Ukraine, from To the north-east is Moldavia, to the east by the Black Sea, to the south by Bulgaria, to the west by Serbia-Hungary.



The name Romania is derived from the word “Roman” (in Romanian: român), which means the Romans, which in turn derives from the Latin word “Romanus” (in Latin: romanus), meaning “a citizen of Rome.



Culture and history
Romania has a unique culture, which is the product of its geography and historical development. It is mainly defined as the meeting point of three regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe, and the Balkans, but cannot really be included in any of them.

Romanian cuisine was influenced by Balkan cuisine, Hungarian cuisine, German cuisine, Serbian cuisine and Turkish cuisine. One of the traditional Romanian foods is the Mamalega, which is ground corn boiled in a saucepan and served hot with butter or cheese and was used by farmers because of the low cost and was also served for domestic animals, and among the Romanian traditional dishes we also find sausage or sausages, which is a minced meat, salt and spices They are eaters of European origin. Sarma, which is of Turkish origin, was affected by Romania, like other neighboring countries, when Romania was under Ottoman rule.



Tourist places in Romania

Herastrau Park

It is a large park located on the northern side of Bucharest in Romania around Lake Horesto and the park has an area of ​​1.1 square kilometers.
The park is suitable for visiting families and is one of the recreational areas par excellence, and the park is divided into two areas, a rural or natural area, which is an area full of buildings arranged in the open air and is distributed between a yacht club, a sports club, a diplomatic club and a golf course and the other is an open area dedicated to recreational activities for wandering, hiking, jogging and children’s play Visitors can also rent boats and go for a long stroll around the lake, which is located next to the park

The “Horesto” garden, located on Lake Horesto, is the largest park in Eastern Europe, and contains more than 10,000 species of plants, many of them exotic, were used as a garden for the royal family, and is characterized by its charming atmosphere and stunning natural landscapes. You are amazed by the time that passes so quickly that even one visit may not be enough for you to enjoy the beauty of this place due to its activities, parks and distinctive tourist services, so you can wander in the wonderful lake forests, or have fun in amusement parks, or enjoy playing pool games, bowling, or paddling in the lake and enjoy Eating the most delicious fresh juices.

Victoria Palace
It is a magnificent palace and very famous and one of the most important tourist destinations located in Victory Square, which is visited by many to see its unique building. It was built in 1937 AD and it is the headquarters of the Prime Minister of Romania and his government and was built under the supervision of the famous architect, Duplo Marco. The building was severely damaged during the war. The Second World, but it underwent restoration work later, and the palace was declared a historic landmark in 2004.

Museum of Art
It is a branch of the National Museum of Art in Romania and contains 44 collections that were donated at the beginning of the year 1927 AD by noble families in Bucharest, including Alexandra, Barbu Saltina Yuno, Clara and Surin Schachter. The museum also includes many works of famous Roman painters such as Nikolai Gregorescu, Stephan Lucian and Ioan Andrew as well. It includes wonderful Turkish carpets and embroideries in addition to a group of wonderful pieces of art.


Parliamentary Palace
Which is the second largest civil administrative building in the world after the Pentagon, and it is mentioned that a large part of the city was destroyed to build this building, which set records in the Guinness Book of Records. In addition to the enormity of the building, it is the most expensive building in the world with a construction cost estimated at two billion pounds, and it is The heaviest building contains a million tons of marble and contains over a thousand halls.

Old Bucharest
Romania is rich in ancient monuments dating back to the Middle Ages, represented by Roman churches and monasteries covered with many Roman paintings and decorations.

Dracula’s castle
You cannot be in Romania without visiting the famous Dracula Castle, and therefore we recommend that you visit the Bran area in the Braova province, where there is the frightening castle, which has woven many legends around it, and the famous movie was filmed An encounter with a vampire in it, and it is located in an area teeming with tourists and around it a commercial market They sell souvenirs, antiques, and distinctive leather, wool and woodwork, bearing the signature of Count Dracula himself.

Popular markets
Bucharest abounds with many cheap and popular markets that you can shop at and buy special souvenirs such as the “Obor Piazza” market.

A quarter of an hour from central Bucharest, as well as the “Scorpion Piazza” market, the “Maqazin Market” and the Chinese market.

The floating restaurant
And at night, we recommend that you spend a quiet and distinctive night in one of the river restaurants that roam in the lake, and do not forget to take a lot of memorial photos of the floating restaurant, and the flying fish that you may encounter on your tour.

Fountain of blood
This fountain in Bucharest was designed in a frightening form, and the red water, from which blood came out, was that when many Romanians suffer from hemophilia, a disease of bleeding blood that results from a genetic defect.

This fountain was placed in this striking way to urge help for people with hemophilia, which are estimated to be 2000 people in Bucharest.


Tourism in Kosovo

Tourism in Kosovo

Tourism in Kosovo Visit Kosovo

Information about tourism in Kosovo

Tourism in Kosovo is one of the most important European nature destinations. Where it has many activities, events and different attractions that tourists can enjoy during their visit to this beautiful natural country.

A country located in southeastern Europe (the Balkans region) bordered by the Republic of Macedonia on the southeast, Serbia to the northeast, Montenegro to the northwest, and Albania to the south

Its capital is Pristina. The name Kosovo comes from the Serbian word “kos” which means “black bird”. The Serbian pronunciation is Kosovo, while the Albanian pronunciation is Kosovo. As for the historical Ottoman name for Kosovo, it is Kosova (in Ottoman: the state of Qusuh).


Culture and history
It was part of the Ottoman Empire for five centuries since it was conquered by the Ottoman Sultan Murad I in 1389. After the First Balkan War in 1912, the two kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro shared the lands of Kosovo. After the end of the First World War, Kosovo became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Yugoslavia was occupied and Kosovo was annexed to Albania, which was under Italian occupation.

The Republic of Kosovo is located in the Balkans in Europe. It has an area of ​​10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi) and a population of about 2 million. It is located between latitudes 41 ° and 44 ° N, and longitudes 20 ° and 22 ° E. It has borders with Albania in the west, Macedonia in the south, Serbia in the north, and Montenegro in the northwest. The main rivers in the region are the Dorim Belli River, which flows towards the Adriatic Sea, and the Abyaar River is a tributary of the Morava River. Forests constitute 39.1% of Kosovo. Its climate is continental, hot in summer and cold in winter.


Muslims make up 95% of the population of Kosovo, and Islam was directed to the region with the Ottoman conquest in the 15th century. There is also a minority of Roman Catholics. The first Islamic university was established in 1992 in Pristina, the capital.

Today, there are more than 800 mosque mosques in Kosovo, while about 100 others are being built in the various regions of Kosovo, including the construction project for the largest mosque in the entire Balkan region in the capital, Pristina. Friday sermons and religious lessons are given, and supplications are recited in the Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish languages. Teaching within the Qur’anic schools and Islamic schools is also done in the three languages.


Tourist areas in Kosovo
It is the largest and most beautiful lake in Kosovo. The artificial lake was built in 1977 as part of the water system that provides irrigation and drinking water to northern and central Kosovo. The lake is made up of one of the largest earth dams in Europe and extends across the border into Serbia. Its panoramic position amid the Rogozna Mountains makes it one of Kosovo’s most scenic natural attractions. The lake stretches 24 km in length and provides great opportunities for swimming, hiking and mountain biking. There are many small beaches along Gazivoda.

It is a city that you fall in love with at first sight. As it is a mixture between Ottoman heritage, communist designs and recently built architecture. This modest mixture of the new and the old, the Ottoman and the communist, the innovative and the traditional, gives Pristina a unique urban feel.


A century ago, Pristina was a multicultural and vibrant commercial city, mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches decorated the city skyline and a small Jewish community set up its own schools. The strong transformation from an Ottoman trading city to a communist capital left many milestones in the city.

Tourism in Slovenia

Tourism in Slovenia

Tourist places in Slovenia



General information about Slovenia

It is a country located in Central Europe, close to the Alps and overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. Slovenia borders Italy on the west, Croatia and Hungary on the south, and Austria on the north, and also has a small portion of the coastline along the Adriatic Sea.

The climate of Slovenia is a varied climate. We find the continental climate in the northeast, the harsh alpine climate in the high mountainous regions, and the semi-Mediterranean climate in the coastal areas. Many regions also know overlapping of these three types of climates
The official language is Slovene, which is a member of the Slavic languages. The Hungarian (Hungarian) and Italian languages ​​are used in the near border areas of Hungary and Italy.




Tourist areas in Slovenia

Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, is a quiet city distinguished by a beautiful bridge that extends over the Ljubljana River, and there is also the castle of Ljubljana, which is located above the city. The city is also distinguished by its damage and its beautiful extended gardens. The capital is so small that it can be discovered on foot and seen its features.



Lake Bled is a very beautiful lake and is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in the country, in the center of it there is a small island, and above the island there is the Bled Castle in an image that is almost similar to the one told in stories, Bled is about an hour away from the capital Ljubljana and there are restaurants and cafes around the lake. It is a destination for most tourists for its beauty and splendor. Many water sports can also be practiced and in order to go to the island, you can rent a boat with oars or use special boats called “Pletna”.

Postojna cave:
A historical landmark in Slovenia, located in Postojnau, is one of the areas that any tourist should visit. It is a system of underground caves carved over time by nature, and it is also home to some animals. It is worth noting that there is an electric train inside that the tourist can use to explore and see the cave easily without getting tired and taking pictures as well.



Predjama Castle:
A beautiful castle that has stood for 700 years is a historical landmark that attracts millions of visitors to Slovenia. Also, one of the most beautiful features of the castle is the moat that has been used for centuries, especially when the castle was under siege.

Soa valley:
It extends from Triglav Park to Nova Gorica between the Julian Alps. If you love extreme sports like rowing and sailing flying, then going there is a real pleasure for you. But if you want to go to relax and enjoy the sights and watch the picturesque nature, there are paths and walking paths that you can use and enjoy your trip there.

Slovenia – Aerial view resort Lake Bled.




Tourism in Kazakhstan

Tourism in Kazakhstan

Tourist places in Kazakhstan



The Republic of Kazakhstan is famous for its picturesque nature, as Kazakhstan is one of the most beautiful tourist destinations thanks to its distinguished geographical location between Europe and Asia. Find out through this tour guide the best cities and the most appropriate time to visit them.

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, or Kazakhstan (as it is spoken by the Turkic peoples), or Qebjaq, as it was called in the past, in Kazakh. And Kazakhstan means the homeland of the Kazakh people, who are spread in Russia, China, Turkey and Uzbekistan, in addition to Kazakhstan.

With the emergence of the modern Kazakh state, the term “Kazakh” was used on the citizens of Kazakhstan, regardless of their origins. And the word “kazakh” is a Turkish word of origin, meaning “free and independent,” which symbolizes the life of free nomads and the inhabitants who move freely on horseback.




As for the term “stan”, it is a Persian word meaning “home” or “land.” By this, Kazakhstan means “the home of the free.”

Culture and history
Kazakhstan has been inhabited since the Neolithic era by humans – they were hunters and ranchers, and scholars of human history believe that the Indo-Europeans were the first to domesticate and use horses, and Central Asia was inhabited by the indigenous Indo-Aryan peoples, especially the Scythians. In the fifth century AD, and perhaps before that, the Turkic peoples settled and became the majority.

In the eleventh century, the Kumans entered it and settled its plains, then united with the Qafjak tribes and formed the vast Koman and Qafjak federation. In this era, the cities of Taraz and Hatra Turkestan formed the main centers on the Silk Road.


The political union of the country began after the Mongolian invasion in the thirteenth century AD, who established sectors and organized the politics that developed in the form of a state known as the khans of Kazakhstan or Kazakhstan.

The culture of nomadism, nomadism and the care of livestock continued as a way of life in the highlands, and in the fifteenth century the emergence of an independent Kazakh identity, especially among the Turkish tribes, which was settled in the sixteenth century by the development of the Kazakh language, culture and economy.



The folklore of Turkish literature is represented by myths, tales, proverbs, wisdom and poems that speak of great heroics and deeds. Fantasy literature stems from the folklore, the first examples of fine arts related to the Stone Age. It is embodied in the Karatu and Kantau mountains in the form of animal images engraved on the rocks.
Within the ancient tribal arts, carpets are decorated in different ways, and during the period from the 5th to 7th centuries, contemporary forms of Kazakh carpets were created.



And in the period between the 8th and 12th centuries in the cities of Gassi, Uttirar, Syjanak and others, many types of art were developed. Pottery vessels and vessels were used to conserve water, scenes from life were depicted, and different colors were used in paint (black, brown, yellow, and red). As for leather and metal products, they were decorated with various forms of the national heritage.



Tourist areas in Kazakhstan
Kandy forests; Lake flooded forests
Lake Kandy was formed as a result of an earthquake in 1911, which led to a large collapse of the ground over an area of ​​more than 400 meters in the Tien Shan Mountains, and with the fluctuating weather factors and precipitation, this natural formation began to fill with water to form the lake and inundate the sunken forests containing pine trees And others.

The tops of trees on the surface of the lake look like spears or ship masts, and deep in the lake they are full of leaves and greenery. You can see the depth of the lake from the mountain; Thanks to the clear and clean waters that descend from it, you discover the submerged forest at its bottom, and in the winter an ice layer forms on the surface of the lake that enables you to ski or catch salmon.

The water of the lake is characterized by its coolness in summer and winter, as the water temperature does not exceed six degrees in the summer, and it has been preserving perennial pine trees for more than 100 years.

Sirarka; Nature reserves and lakes in northern Kazakhstan
On an area of ​​450,344 hectares, there is a nature reserve belonging to the state of Norzum, and another reserve in the state of Korgalzhin; This exceptional area is characterized by its humidity favorable to endangered water birds such as Siberian crane, palas hawk and wrinkled swans.

Sarika is a meeting point for migratory birds towards Central Asia, or from Africa, South Asia and Europe in general. The steppe is nearly 200,000 hectares of refuge for rare plant species and birds, and the saiga antelope is also threatened with extinction. The region includes freshwater and saltwater lakes between rivers that flow towards rivers flowing north to the Arctic and south towards the Ara Erich basin.

Astana; The modern capital
Astana is the capital of modern Kazakhstan, after Almaty. Astana has developed very quickly economically and in terms of tourism, and it includes several landmarks and places that are the main factor in tourist attraction, including:

Atameken Museum; Or a map of Kazakhstan; It is an open museum on a huge area that includes more than 400 models of various Kazakh antiquities.
Bayterek; The Tree of Life is a tower that rises 105 meters from the ground, topped by a 22-meter-diameter golden ball, in the center of which is a platform overlooking the city, and the Bayterek Tower symbolizes the sacred tree of life, on whose top the happiness bird laid an egg, according to Kazakh mythology. The tower contains a golden sculpture embodying the right hand of President Nizar Bayev, and a special fish tank specially designed for this tower.

Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan, inhabited by more than a million and a quarter people, it is the ancient capital of Kazakhstan, and it was the military fortress of the state and its commercial and cultural center. A city full of hotels, restaurants, attractions and monuments, and it contains a museum displaying the history of Al-Qazaa and ancient monuments. It also contains Panflov Square, famous for its Russian wooden churches, which were built without the use of nails in the nineteenth century. The city extends to Lake Balkhash, known as the country of the Seven Rivers, and the Silk Road passes through it.


Tourism in Luxembourg

Tourism in Luxembourg

Tourist places in Luxembourg



General information about Luxembourg

It is one of the Benelux countries. It is located in Western Europe, between all of Germany, France and Belgium and is one of the smallest countries in Europe by area and population. The climate of Luxembourg is influenced by winds from the Atlantic Ocean. Average rainfall and temperatures are generally moderate.

Many of the workers in the duchy do not live in it, but rather in neighboring countries, most of them in France. The national language is Ltzebuergesch, which is derived from German.

German and French are also official languages, and they replace Luxembourgish in their importance.




Culture and history in Luxembourg
The county of Luzelburg emerged in the tenth century AD and formed the nucleus of modern Luxembourg. The European dynasty “Luxembourg” rose to the status of kings in the Middle Ages. Luxembourg fell under foreign domination since the fifteenth century.

Luxembourg became its known entity today only after the Congress of Vienna in 1815, which remained under a nominal union with the Netherlands until 1890. From 1842 to 1919 Luxembourg was part of the German Customs Union. It was occupied by the Germans in both World Wars and subsequently liberated by the Allies.

It formed a customs union with the Netherlands and Belgium in 1948 and then an economic union in 1958. Luxembourg is today one of the 27 European Union countries.



Tourist areas of Luxembourg
Vianden Castle
It is one of the largest and most beautiful feudal residences of the Roman and Gothic periods in Europe. The castle is located on a beach rock above the nearby town of Vianden. The river below is the Château de Vianden, and Vianden Castle is one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine. The castle’s origins date back to the tenth century, while the current Romanesque building was built between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries, with a number of transformations and decorations added to it over the centuries. Although the castle became a ruin after the seventeenth century, it is still a popular tourist attraction in Luxembourg.



Kissimets Buk is part of the old fortifications of Luxembourg City and is an excellent example of military architecture spanning centuries. The ancient fortifications are the only UNESCO World Heritage site in the country, and they are also quite astonishing when you look at them within the surrounding valley.
Kissimets have been a natural fortification used to fend off invaders for centuries. Among the most important secrets of these fortifications are the vast underground systems that include corridors and corridors dating back to the seventeenth century. Visitors can now wander through this underground maze, which once had a number of facilities for equipment, horses, kitchens, bakeries, and workshops, in addition to barracks that could accommodate up to 1,200 soldiers at a time of war.
The Grand Duchy Palace
The Grand Ducal Palace was built between 1572 and 1574. The Palace of the Grand Duchy is located in the center of Luxembourg city, and is a major tourist attraction and residence of the Grand Duke. This palace is a fine example of Spanish Renaissance architecture. Throughout the year, you can also watch the famous Luxembourg Army perform ceremonial duties on the ground. From July 15th to September 2nd, parts of the interior are open to the public.



Cloud Market
In Luxembourg, you can enjoy shopping and shopping. Every Saturday and Wednesday, the Cloud Market opens its doors with a hot wave of cheerful colors and roaring sounds. Market stalls extend to fresh fruits and vegetables, beautiful flowers, handicrafts and other things you want to have.



Notre Dame Cathedral
Notre Dame Cathedral is one of the major tourist attractions in Luxembourg. This cathedral is one of the Roman Catholic Cathedrals in Luxembourg City. It was originally a Jesuit church, and its foundation stone was laid in 1613. The church is one of the famous examples of late Gothic architecture, however, it also possesses many elements of the Renaissance period and its distinctive decorations.

Tourism in Hungary

Tourism in Hungary

General information about Hungary



It is a confined European country located in the Carpathian Basin in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by Slovakia and the length of the border is about 515 km, Ukraine borders 103 km in the northeast, Romania borders 443 km to the east, and from the south Croatia borders 329 km from Serbia and Slovenia with 102 km, and Austria borders 336 km from the west.

Hungary or Hungary is a confined country that does not have an outlet to the sea, and is surrounded by land on all sides. The territory of Hungary covers an area of ​​93,030 km², and is affected by a continental climate, making it the 109th largest area in the world.




Tourist areas in Hungary
Buda Castle and Matthias Church, Budapest
Budapest Castle is a historical royal palace built in the 13th century when Hungary was invaded by the Mongols. The castle was destroyed but was later constructed in the 14th century and built in the Roman residential style. Later on, the castle replaced a mansion built in the design known as the Gothic style. The standing castle reflects the history and culture of the Hungarian people. And it is located in an attractive location on high ground of hills.

the Great Synagogue
The Great Synagogue on Dohani Street (also known as Dohani Street Synagogue) is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world, with a capacity of 3,000 people. It was built between 1854 and 1859 This site is now part of the complex and home to the Jewish Museum.



During the war years, anti-Semitism grew rapidly in Hungary. A series of anti-Jewish policies was passed, and fascist groups such as the “Arrow Cross Party” began to attract more followers. Hungary became an ally of Germany, and the Synagogue was damaged by the Arrow Cross party in 1939. During World War II, the Great Synagogue served as a residence and radio communication center for Germans. Today, the complex serves as the main center of the Jewish community.

Parliament building in Hungary
This architectural masterpiece on Kossuth Square by Imre Steindl was designed in an exquisite Neo-Gothic style. Today, it is the largest building in Hungary and the second largest parliament building in Europe. The idea of ​​constructing a new Parliament building arose after the unification of Ubduda, Buda and Pest in 1873; It opened in 1896, on the 1000th anniversary of Hungary’s founding. Thanks to the use of the finest materials, the entire building is a piece of art. It is the home of the Sacred Crown, and the Royal Scepter. Parliament is open for visits, and tickets must be purchased from the on-site visitor center.




Fisherman’s Bastion
One of the most important things to do in Budapest is without a doubt visiting this landmark. The current watchtowers were built in the 19th century as watchtowers for the best panoramic views of Budapest. With a view of the Danube,

One of the most visited attractions in Budapest, it was built between 1895 and 1902. The purpose of the building was part of a group of developments that celebrated the thousandth birthday of the Hungarian state.

It includes seven towers. Each of these signs represents one of the seven Hungarian leaders who led their people to present-day Hungary to settle in the year 895. It is located in the middle of the statue of Saint Stephen, the first Hungarian king to rule in that city. In short, Bastion is a historical monument to the Millennium King.

The City Park
It is one of the most beautiful parks in Hungary and it is a public park close to the center of Budapest, Hungary. It has an area of ​​302 acres, and is located in the 14th district of Budapest. Its main entrance is in Heroes’ Square, one of Hungary’s World Heritage Sites.

Vajdahunyad Castle
One of the historic castles in Budapest, Vajdahunyad Castle is located in the City Park next to the ski lake / rink. The castle was built in 1896 and is a testament to the architectural development of past centuries. Currently the castle is home to many festivals and concerts.

Tourism in Latvia

Tourism in Latvia

Tourist places in Latvia


General information about Latvia

It is a country located in the Baltic Sea region in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia (the length of the border is 343 km), to the south by Lithuania (588 km), to the east by the Russian Federation (276 km) and to the southeast by Belarus (141 km), and it shares a maritime border to the west with Sweden.

It is one of the least populated and densely populated countries in the European Union. The capital of Latvia is Riga, and the Latvian language is the official language and its currency is Lats. On January 1, 2014, it was replaced by the euro. The country has a moderate seasonal climate.
The Latvian people are Baltic and culturally related to Estonians and Lithuanians. Latvians are the indigenous people of Latvia along with the Levans of the Finno-Ugric ethnicity.



Culture and history in Latvia
In terms of geography, land and population, Latvia is the center between the three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Latvia shares its history with Estonia during the periods of German, Polish-Lithuanian, Swedish, Russian, Nazi-German, and Soviet rule, Christianization in the thirteenth century, and the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century. Both countries are home to a large number of ethnic Russians (27.4% in Latvia and 26% in Estonia) some of them are non-citizens. The history of Latvia is predominantly Protestant, with the exception of the Latgalia region in the southeast of the country, which has a predominantly Catholic history.


The name Latvia comes from the ancient Latgalians, who are one of the Indo-European Baltic tribes, which together with the Coronians, Selonians and Simeigal tribes formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people today.

Around the beginning of the third millennium BC, the Proto-Baltic ancestors of the Latvian people settled the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea.

Latvia is famous for folklore, especially folk songs dating back about 1000 years, which were distinguished by more than 1.2 million texts and 30,000 folk melodies.



Tourist areas of Latvia
The ancient city of Riga
It includes cobbled streets and medieval buildings there. When you open your arms in Rosina, the narrowest street in Riga, you can touch opposite walls together, and you can also eat local traditional meals in one of the famous restaurants.


The city of Kuldega
This city is located on the banks of the River Venta, 155 kilometers from the capital, Riga. It dates back to the Middle Ages and is ideal for a romantic break, or for hiking, cycling, horses, fishing or taking a boat out for walks.


Rondal Palace and Museum
It is located in the fertile plains of southern Latvia. The interior “decorations” date back to the period between 1765 and 1768 and are the creativity of the German sculptor Johan Michael Graf, the Italian painters Francesco Martini and Carlo Zuchi. The building includes art galleries, fine arts and historical galleries, and the palace hosts a festival. Music and classical music concerts, and the place can be visited daily from ten in the morning until six thirty in the evening.




Guaja National Park
It is the oldest and largest national park in “Latvia” and the park is distinguished by its biological diversity, topography, natural springs and caves, as the park extends over more than 90 thousand hectares, so one day will not be enough to enjoy the magic of all parts of the place.