Tourism in Alexandria
Tourism in Alexandria
1- Qaitbay Citadel
The castle is located in the west of Alexandria in the Bahri area. It was built by Sultan Al-Ashraf Abu Al-Nasr Qaitbay to counter the attacks launched by the Ottoman Empire on Egypt. The castle was built on top of the Alexandria Lighthouse, which was destroyed after a strong earthquake struck the city. The castle remained an impenetrable fortress to stand up to any attacks coming from the Mediterranean. Its height was 4 meters and its width was 2 meters. It took two years to build it. It was vandalized by the British occupation at the time of the occupation of Egypt. The castle is surrounded on three sides by the sea. The castle is divided into three floors, designed in a square and octagonal geometric shape to make it easier for soldiers to take cover and defend the city.
2- Bibliotheca Alexandrina
It is one of the most important tourist places in Alexandria and is located in the Shatby area. The library was built on the ruins of the old library, which was established by Ptolemy II, who was interested in culture and put many books in it. He mentioned that it contained more than 700 thousand volumes and books. Greek and one of the most important books translated is the Torah (Philadelphus) and the library has more than 8 million books and is considered the first digital library and includes many museums, halls, conference center and planetarium.
3- The sunken cities of Abu Qir
The city of Alexandria is considered one of the cities that has been subjected to drowning more than once due to climatic and natural changes. Some divers found the ruins of an ancient city called Heraclion in the Abu Qir area in Alexandria. The European Union’s scientific mission revealed that the city was named after the Greek hero Heraclius. The most important ports on the coasts of the Mediterranean in the sixth century BC, hundreds of sunken ships and boats were found belonging to the city, and the importance does not depend only on trade, but the city had a religious significance represented in finding the temple of Heraclion to worship the god Amun and some ancient manuscripts, and also found on Statues of the Ptolemaic kings, some gold coins, pots and jewels.
4- Al-Montazah Gardens
There are the Montazah gardens in the area named after her and a neighborhood that wraps around the palace built by Khedive Abbas Helmy the Second to be a resting place for him in the summer. It was built in the Islamic and Florentine style. The park contains many types of trees, such as the famous palm trees, which are more than a hundred years old. Inside the park, there is the Salamlek Palace, the Haramlek Palace, a bridge between the Tea Island and the palaces, a cinema building, a train station, and offices for the management of the garden. The garden and the Palestine Hotel have appeared in many films, and a marathon has been held for walking more than once.
5- Greco-Roman Museum
The museum is located in the Raml Station, which was inaugurated by Khedive Abbas Helmy II in 1895 AD. The museum includes a large variety of Pharaonic, Greek and Roman antiquities from the third century BC until the third century AD. Its halls to 26 halls contain many relics such as a head made of marble for Julius Caesar, a head made of marble for Alexander the Great, a mummy in color for a deceased from the Roman era, a group of pottery, a group of golden ornaments, Ptolemaic and Roman mummies, a huge head of Ptolemy VI, and a statue For the god of the Nile, statues of the emperors of Rome.